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The Art of French Press: How to Brew Perfect French Press Coffee

Brewing a great cup of French press coffee doesn’t require much effort, but it’s crucial to make sure your coffee is prepared properly. The resulting cup can be rich, smooth and flavorful.


The key to brewing perfect French press coffee is to ensure that you use the right ratio of coffee grounds and water. Generally, a 10:1 to 15:1 ratio is ideal.

Choosing the Right Coffee Beans

Brewing coffee in a French Press is one of the most simple ways to enjoy a cup of your favorite brew. You simply grind your beans, add water and wait a few minutes before pressing the plunger.

While there are a few things you can do to make your French Press experience more enjoyable, the most important part of the process is choosing the right coffee beans for the method. The type of beans you choose can affect the flavor and quality of your brew, as well as its health benefits.

  1. Look for fresh coffee beans that are coarsely ground. A coarse grind helps to thicken up the brew and prevent extra sludge from slipping through the mesh filter. A good coarse grind will also help to retain some of the coffee’s natural flavors and aromas.

  2. Dark roasts are generally best suited to the immersion brewing process, but medium roasts can also be enjoyed.

  3. The best choice of coffee beans for a French Press is one that will provide you with consistent results every time.

It’s important to note that not all coffees will taste great in a French Press, so be sure to experiment with different kinds until you find your favorites.

Grinding the Coffee Beans

Grinding your coffee beans is an important part of brewing the perfect cup of French Press coffee. It kicks off the oxidation process that releases flavor and aroma compounds into your water, which is why it’s crucial to choose the right grind type for your particular brewing style.

Grind size has a huge impact on how much water can move through the coffee particles and on how long it takes to extract flavor from the beans. As a rule of thumb, finer grinds tend to be more prone to under-extraction and coarser grinds more prone to over-extraction.


It is best to brew your French Press coffee with a grind that is medium-coarse. You can use a manual grinder, a blade or burr grinder or even a food processor.

The coffee that you brew is the result of all these variables coming together to form a drink that tastes different every time. Having an understanding of how these elements interact allows you to experiment and make your own perfect coffee with the French Press.

Regardless of what you brew with, the key is to achieve a balance between the amount of extraction, the temperature and brewing time. If you find yourself brewing too much or too little, the solution is usually simple: adjust one of these variables.

Heating and Prepping the Water

Getting the right temperature of water for French press coffee is crucial to brewing a consistent cup. If you pour water that is too hot, it will scald the coffee grounds and make them taste burnt. Conversely, if you pour water that is too cold it will not extract the flavorful compounds from the coffee beans.

To keep your water at a consistent temperature, it is best to preheat the coffee brewer with hot tap water before you begin the brewing process. This will ensure that the water stays hot throughout the entire brewing process and helps to prevent the water from cooling down before you add it to the French press.

Once you have heated your water to the proper temperature, it is time to add the coffee grounds. Remember to measure out the right amount of ground coffee for your French press and grind coarsely.

The amount of coffee that you use should be adjusted to the size of your French press and the type of beans that you are using. Different types of coffee produce different flavors that may require a shorter steeping time to fully extract.

Heating the water to 195 degrees Fahrenheit is the ideal temperature for French press brewing. However, the exact temperature is hard to pinpoint because it depends on so many factors.

Measuring Out The Coffee Grounds

When brewing French Press coffee, it’s important to make sure you’re using the right ratio of grounds to water. Too much extraction will leave your cup bitter and sour, while under-extraction can make your drink thin and weak.

The best way to ensure you’re getting a good ratio is to weigh out your coffee. This is a more accurate method than volume measurements and will help you find the ideal balance between flavor and strength.


Once you’ve weighed out your coffee, you should pour about 2 times the amount of water over it. This is called blooming, and it’s an important step that will help you achieve a balanced cup.

This first pour helps the water release carbon dioxide, which will help the coffee brew more evenly. Once you’ve poured the water, allow it to sit for about 30 seconds before stirring again.

The coffee grounds will float on top of the water and form a crust, which is also called a bloom. This crust is an essential part of brewing, as it allows the water to fully extract the flavor from the coffee grounds. When it’s done, you’ll be ready to press down the plunger and pour your brewed coffee.

Steeping and Plunging The French Press

The French Press method of coffee brewing is a classic, and it’s easy to learn. It’s also easy to maintain, and its well-engineered design hasn’t changed much since it was first introduced in 1929.

One of the most important things to remember when making French Press coffee is that it requires a lot of time. You’ll need at least 6 minutes to make a good cup: 2 minutes for boiling water and grinding coffee, 4 minutes for blooming the grounds, and finally another 3-5 minutes for steeping your coffee.

Generally, the time needed for a perfect French Press brew depends on the type of coffee you’re using and how strong you like it. However, there are a few general tips to keep in mind when steeping your coffee:

Serving and Storing Your French Press Coffee

If you want your French Press coffee to taste just as good as it does when you get up in the morning, you’ll need to serve and store it correctly. It’s best to keep your French Press coffee at room temperature or slightly warmer to maintain the delicate oils and aromas.

Ideally, the coffee grounds are pressed into a metal mesh filter before being poured into your cup. This creates a thick body that will keep the coffee fresher for longer.

It is also important to avoid storing French Press coffee in the fridge while steeping, as this will cause it to become over-extracted and bitter.

You can use a kitchen scale to measure out your coffee grounds and water ratio for brewing perfect French Press coffee every time! You can also use a coffee grinder to grind your coffee beans for the French Press.

Final Words

Brewing the perfect French Press coffee is truly an art. With practice, patience, and a little experimentation, you can perfect your technique and create a cup of delicious, smooth coffee that will be sure to impress your friends. All it takes is a little bit of time, dedication to the craft, and experimenting with grind size and steeping times.

About the author:

This article was written by Clara Carlson who is a school teacher, a yoga enthusiast, and a writer. Born in San Francisco and lived most of her life in Los Angeles. When not writing, she can be found hiking, taking the Metro, questioning this decision, and haunting local bookstores.

Header Photo Credit: Helena Lopes on Unsplash

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